Learning to Read: Developmental Milestones on the Path to Literacy

When Do Kids Learn to Read? | Understood - For learning and thinking  differences

The process of learning to see is a journey filled with magic, Excitement, and pleasure as well as frustration and impatience. Most of us do not remember how we learned to read (that is the”magical” piece).

There are, however, a set of academic and developmental landmarks one must proceed through as a way to become a successful reader.

Most Children enjoy the accomplishment of being a reader by the end of 1st grade, however, the path to literacy begins before a child can even speak or walk. Your child’s achievement as a reader is highly dependent on the opportunities are presented from the very start of life. Below are studying landmarks a normal child will learn along the street.

The lists are not exhaustive but comprise the important building blocks necessary to be an effective reader.

Tracking your child’s improvement; yet, please keep in mind that just as in different areas of development, growth rates vary amongst kids. If you’ve got additional concerns or questions visit [www.child-]

Works.com and feel free to get in touch with us.

Baby to age 3.


  • Able to mimic sounds and/or finish words
  • Begins to learn the significance of spoken words (tagging objects, People, etc..)
  • Plays games which include taking turns, replicating, song
  • Develops new techniques to express emotions (crying, laughing,


  • Recognizes particular books by the cover
  • Labels objects or characters in a publication
  • Might begin to label specific recognizable letters from a text
  • Could feign to see

Age 3-4 Decades

Decision Enjoys listening to talking about books

  • Able to”read” environmental print (i.e. restaurant signs, stop sign, Cereal boxes)
  • “Reads” favorite text from memory
  • Starts to play and recognize rhyme through song, games, toddlers rhymes
  • Can name some letters of the alphabet, could understand some corresponding sounds
  • could have the ability to recognize the name in print


  • Enjoys being read to
  • Can retell a story including characters and setting
  • Pretends to read books using picture clues
  • Recognizes most letters of the alphabet (upper and lowercase) and

The corresponding sounds

  • Understands that print carries meaning
  • Knows that text will be read left to right, top to bottom
  • Could identify and produce rhyming words
  • Can determine whether or not two words start with the same sound
  • Can identify a small number of”high frequency” words in a text (High Frequency words are these words that happen often in the English


  • May begin to”audio out” straightforward words 1st grade
  • Has a”toolbox” of strategies to read unknown words (letter/sound Relationships, context, word families)
  • Could easily decode phonetically regular words with letter/sound knowledge.